Ciudad inteligente e innovadora
Traditionally, a smart city has been defined as a “city that uses information and communications technology to make its critical infrastructure, its components and public services more interactive and efficient, making citizens more aware of them”.
In a broader definition, a city can be considered as “smart” when its investment in human and social capital and in communications infrastructure actively promote sustainable economic development and a high quality of life, including the wise management of resources implemented through a participatory government.
An evolving concept
According to the EIP-SC European Innovation Partnership on Smart Cities and Communities, Smart Cities and Communities can be defined as follows:
“Smart Cities must be considered as systems of people who interact and use flows of energy, materials, services and financing to catalyse sustainable economic development, resilience, and a high quality of life; these flows and interactions are “smart” through the strategic use of ICT infrastructure and services within a transparent urban planning and management process that responds to the social and economic needs of the society”.